Walking Aids-the Gospel for Disabled
The walker is a walking support tool for the elderly with mobility impairments, certain trauma, hemiplegic patients and the disabled to help walk by themselves or exercise their limbs. People can easily walk slowly by supporting it. The main function is to support the body's center of gravity, assist or replace the function of the limbs, reduce the weight of the affected limb, and keep the lower limbs stable.
When using a walker, it is necessary to prevent the body from moving forward or backward excessively, causing the body's center of gravity to deviate from the supporting surface, resulting in imbalance. It is necessary to master the method of determining the height of the walking aid. To use the walking aid, you must first adjust the height according to your height and your own condition. Common walkers are mainly simple support structures, and some walkers have wheels at their ends. These walkers are passive (that is, without motor drive). The walkers without wheels require the user to constantly lift them during walking to adjust the proper posture to help them move forward, while the walkers with wheels The walker requires the user to constantly use the "brake" function to switch the walker between support and movement. This brings a certain physical burden to users, and some users may also cause secondary injuries due to improper operation. The walker without wheels is suitable for the elderly with weak self-care ability and control ability. It is relatively cumbersome to use, but safer. A walker with 4 casters will move faster and require better control ability for the elderly, so it is more suitable for elderly people with strong self-care ability. Some four-wheel walkers also come with a seat, which is suitable for the elderly to use when going out. If you are tired, you can sit down and rest. It is recommended that the elderly choose a four-wheeled walker with braking function, which can help the elderly control their speed when moving.
It should be noted that walking aids are not suitable for use outdoors and when going up and down stairs. When using elderly walkers, slow down and wear comfortable shoes with heels. Walking aids provide a wider and more stable support surface, and also make them larger in size, which will affect normal gait. Therefore, they are mostly used for patients in the early stage of rehabilitation or those who really need to use walking aids to walk, but be careful not to rely too much on them. When using a walker, the caregiver must assist in checking the stability and safety of the walker, and pay special attention to checking whether the bottom of the foot of the walker is smoothly touching the ground, whether the hand grip is loose, and whether the casters are flexible , Whether the positioning pin is fixed, etc. Pay attention to always keep your body balance when moving, look forward, and do not stare down at your feet; when lifting or pushing the walker forward, you should not be too far away from the walker, and your legs should not be too close to the walker when stepping; use Don’t move the wheeled walker too fast.